Giant volcanic rock raft found in Pacific Ocean

Michael Hoult holds a large pumice stone the size of his headImage copyright

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Sailor Michael Hoult was one of the first to report the volcanic rock raft

A vast “raft” of volcanic rocks stretching over 150 sq km (93 sq miles) is drifting through the Pacific Ocean, scientists say.

The sea of pumice – the size of 20,000 football fields – was first reported by Australian sailors earlier this month.

Experts say the mass likely came from an underwater volcano near Tonga which erupted around 7 August according to satellite images.

Sailors have been warned to stay clear of the potential hazard.

Pumice is a lightweight, bubble-rich rock that can float in water. It is produced when magma is cooled rapidly.

Large “rafts” of the volcanic rock are more likely to form when a volcano is located in more shallow waters, say experts.

An Australian couple sailing their catamaran to Fiji were the first to report the “pumice raft”, after inadvertently entering the rubble at night.

“The waves were knocked back to almost calm and the boat was slowed to one knot,” Michael Hoult and Larissa Brill wrote online on 16 August.

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The Australian couple collected samples of the pumice

“The rubble slick went as far as we could see in the moonlight and with our spotlight.”

They were temporarily stuck after rocks jammed their rudder, but then were able to navigate out of the field.

They have since sent samples of the pumice stone – which range “from marble to basketball size” – to researchers at the Queensland University of Technology (QUT) in Australia.

‘Whole surface turned to land’

Associate Prof Scott Bryan, a geologist studying the samples at QUT, said such pumice masses could be seen about once every five years in the region.

“It is a phenomenon reported over time, usually as islands in the middle of the ocean that people encounter but then can’t find again,” he told the BBC.

“It can be as if the whole surface [of the ocean] has turned to land”.

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A satellite image of the pumice ‘raft’ on 21 August

Associate Prof Bryan said satellite images showed the field had since divided into two main surface masses, with many trailing “ribbons” of rock.

“At the moment there are more than a trillion pieces of pumice all floating together, but over time it will break up and disperse across the area,” he said.

As the pumice is carried by ocean currents, it can also form homes for marine life and help transport organisms across the ocean.

“At the moment the pumice will be bare and barren, but over the next few weeks it’s going to start getting organisms attached to it,” he said.

The pumice is currently drifting westwards towards Fiji, and is likely to pass New Caledonia and Vanuatu before potentially reaching Australia in a year’s time.

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