A fire aboard a Russian navy research submersible has killed 14 crew members, the Russian defence ministry says.
It says the crew members were poisoned by fumes when the vessel caught fire while taking measurements in Russian territorial waters on Monday.
The fire was later put out and the vessel is now at Severomorsk, the main base of the Russian Northern Fleet in the Murmansk region.
The ministry did not say how many crew members were aboard at the time.
It also did not specify the type of the submersible.
An investigation into the incident has begun under the commander-in-chief of the navy.
So, what caused this disaster?
The Russian defence ministry has provided few details.
“A fire broke out,” it says, “fourteen submariners died of smoke inhalation. The cause of the incident is being established.”
Russian news agency RBK cites a military source as saying the vessel was an AS-12 nuclear-powered sub. There has been no official confirmation of this.
The AS-12 is a mini-submarine used for deep water research, intelligence gathering and special operations.
Russia is not the only country to have suffered accidents on submersibles and submarines.
But, in Russia’s case, incidents have often ended in tragedy.
In 2000, 118 submariners died after two explosions on board the nuclear-powered Kursk.
Eight years later, 20 men on the Nerpa nuclear sub died of asphyxiation.
Submersibles are generally smaller vessels with limited crew on board supported by ships on the surface, while submarines are larger vessels capable of operating autonomously over long distances.
The Kursk submarine, which was destroyed by the blasts in the Barents Sea, was also part of the Northern Fleet.
Accidents involving underwater vessels are rare. Here are some of the most serious:
- The Argentine navy’s ARA San Juan submarine with 44 crew disappeared during a routine patrol in the South Atlantic in 2017. The wreckage was found a year later
- All 70 crew aboard China’s Great Wall Ming-class submarine suffocated in 2003 when a diesel engine malfunctioned, consuming the vessel’s oxygen supply
- Russia’s Kursk submarine sank in the Barents Sea in 2000 after a torpedo exploded during an exercise, killing all 118 on board, including 23 who survived the blast but died due to a lack of oxygen
- The USS Scorpion sank in the Atlantic in 1968, possibly because a torpedo exploded, killing the 99 crew
- The USS Thresher sank during diving tests in 1963, killing all 129 on board – the biggest submarine death toll in history