Norway to return Easter Island artefacts

Thor Heyerdahl with artefacts from Easter island. Photo: 1957Image copyright
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Thor Heyerdahl brought to Norway thousands of artefacts from Easter Island

Norway has agreed to return thousands of artefacts taken from Chile’s Easter Island by renowned Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl in 1956.

The agreement was signed by his son on behalf of Oslo’s Kon-Tiki museum and Chile’s culture ministry in Santiago.

The artefacts include carved pieces and human bones from the Pacific island.

In 1947, Heyerdahl became famous for skippering a tiny balsawood raft, the Kon-Tiki, on a 6,000km (3,728 miles) journey from Peru to Polynesia.

His expedition proved, he said, that ancient cultures could have sailed to, and populated, the South Pacific.

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The Kon-Tiki raft from the 1947 expedition was made from balsa tree trunks

Heyerdahl subsequently made a number of voyages around the world, including his expeditions to Easter Island (or Rapa Nui) in 1955-56 and again in 1986-88.

Heyerdahl conducted the first co-ordinated excavations on the abandoned island whose many carved heads stand guard over the Pacific.

The explorer and ethnographer died in 2002, aged 87.

What about the deal on the artefacts?

It was signed in Chile’s National Library in Santiago.

Heyerdahl’s son, Thor Heyerdahl Jr, says “the repatriation is a fulfilment of my father’s promise to the Rapa Nui authorities that the objects would be returned after they had been analysed and published”, he is quoted as saying by the AFP news agency.

Kon-Tiki museum director Martin Biehl said “our common interest is that the objects are returned and, above all, delivered to a well-equipped museum”.

The whole process “will take time”, he said, without giving any further details.

After the signing ceremony, Chilean Culture Minister Consuelo Valdes stressed that “as a ministry we have the mission to respond to the just demand of the Rapa Nui people to recover their cultural heritage”.

Chile is also demanding that London’s British Museum return the figure of Hoa Hakananai, an imposing basalt statue from Easter Island.

Such statues, known as moai, were carved by the island’s indigenous Rapa Nui people to embody the spirit of a prominent ancestor, with each considered to be the person’s living incarnation.

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